Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2016, Page: 1-7
Hydrothermal Synthesis, Physico-Chemical Characterization and Electrochemical Behavior of β-MnO2 Nanorods
Afef Bayoudh, Unité de recherche de Nanomatériaux et Environnement (UR15ES01), IPEIT, Université de Tunis, Tunisie, Tunisia
Noureddine Etteyeb, Unité de recherche de Nanomatériaux et Environnement (UR15ES01), IPEIT, Université de Tunis, Tunisie, Tunisia
Faouzi Sediri, Unité de recherche de Nanomatériaux et Environnement (UR15ES01), IPEIT, Université de Tunis, Tunisie, Tunisia; Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunisie, Tunisia
Received: Aug. 30, 2016;       Accepted: Oct. 7, 2016;       Published: Oct. 17, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajn.20160201.11      View  3820      Downloads  127
Abstract
A simple hydrothermal method was developed for the synthesis ofpyrolosite β-MnO2 nanorods, using potassium permanganate (KMnO4), manganese sulfate (MnSO4.H2O) and oxalic acid (H2C2O4). The effects of the reaction time, the hydrothermal temperature and the amount of H2C2O4 on the structure and the morphology of the final products were studied. The β-MnO2 nanorods are up to several micrometers in length and about 37 nm in average diameter. The samples were analyzed through X-ray diffraction (DRX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. Electrochemical measurements of thin film of β-MnO2 nanorods have revealed reversible redox behavior with charge-discharge cycling processes corresponding to reversible cations intercalation/deintercalation into the crystal lattice. This process is easier for the small Li+ to the larger Na+ one and to the largest K+ cation.
Keywords
Nanostructures, Hydrothermal Synthesis, X-ray Diffraction, Electrochemical Properties
To cite this article
Afef Bayoudh, Noureddine Etteyeb, Faouzi Sediri, Hydrothermal Synthesis, Physico-Chemical Characterization and Electrochemical Behavior of β-MnO2 Nanorods, American Journal of Nanosciences. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ajn.20160201.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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