Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2016, Page: 26-40
Functionalization of Magnetic Nano Particles: Synthesis, Characterization and Their Application in Water Purification
Ahmed M. Abu-Dief, Departamento de Quimica Organica e Inorganica, Faculad de Quimica, Universdad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain; Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt
Samar Kamel Hamdan, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt
Received: Sep. 28, 2016;       Accepted: Oct. 21, 2016;       Published: Nov. 8, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajn.20160203.12      View  3745      Downloads  168
Abstract
Contamination of fresh and marine sediments and water environments by oil spills, urban runoffs, industrial and domestic effluents is demonstrating to be of critical concern as the presence of contaminants affects aquatic organisms and can quickly disperse to large as highlighted by the recent Gulf oil spill disaster. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), Poly chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and heavy metals like mercury, lead and manganese are among the ubiquitous trace contaminants of marine and freshwater systems. Presence of these contaminants raise concerns as small quantities of the organic chemicals have been displayed to be carcinogenic to mammals and can pose a prohibition to both human health and the aquatic biota. Innovative operations for treating wastewater containing heavy metals often include technologies for reduction of toxicity. Nanotechnology has rampaged plethora of scientific and technological fields; environmental safety is no exception. One of the most promising and well developed environmental applications of nanotechnology has been in water remediation and treatment where different nanomaterials can help purify water meanwhile different mechanisms including adsorption of heavy metals and other pollutants, removal and inactivation of pathogens and diversion of toxic materials into less toxic compounds. Today nanoparticles, nanomembrane and nanopowder used for revelation and removal of chemical and biological substances include metals (e.g. Cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, zinc), nutrients (e.g. Phosphate, ammonia, nitrate and nitrite), cyanide, organics, algae (e.g. cyanobacterial toxins) viruses, bacteria, parasites and antibiotics. By tracing these technological advances to the physicochemical properties of nanomaterials, the present review outlines recent development in nanotechnology for wastewater treatment. The discussion covers candidate synthesis of magnetic nanomaterials (MNPs), properties and their mechanisms in water purification.
Keywords
Magnetic Nanoparticles, Wastewater Treatment, Heavy Metals, Thermal Decomposition, Hydrothermal, Sonochemical
To cite this article
Ahmed M. Abu-Dief, Samar Kamel Hamdan, Functionalization of Magnetic Nano Particles: Synthesis, Characterization and Their Application in Water Purification, American Journal of Nanosciences. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2016, pp. 26-40. doi: 10.11648/j.ajn.20160203.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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