Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 67-75
Contamination of Heavy Metals, Source, Effects on Leaving Things and Different Remediation Techniques in Soil: A Review
Alemnesh Sisay, Department of Natural Resource Management, Holetta Agriculture Research Center, Holetta, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 1, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 27, 2019;       Published: Dec. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajn.20190504.17      View  640      Downloads  196
Different researches showed that contamination of heavy metals in soil has become more and more serious, which affects Both soil fertility degradation and detrimental to human health through food chain causing adverse effects on human health. The concentration of metals beyond Maximum Permissible Level (MCL) leads to number of nervous, cardiovascular, renal, neurological impairment as well as bone diseases and several other health disorders and also computed the macronutrient in the human body. Due to these it needs more attention towards the contamination area using either prevention or minimizing methods of the source of contamination. Different researches mentioned different remediation techniques which involve phytoremediation, lime, phosphates, and different biochar materials. Remediation mechanisms basically consist of two fundamental principles. The first is to completely remove contaminations from polluted area and the second is to transform these pollutants to harmless forms. The application of Biochar in soil makes dual purpose which ameliorating soil fertility and remediated heavy metal due to the content of different physicochemical properties. So in this paper, including source of heavy metal, effect of heavy metal in human, plant growth and soil microorganism and remediation technique of contaminated soil, reaction of biochar in soil and application of biochar in soil quality were discussed. Therefore this is particular importance as it indicates the value of biochar as alternative remediation and amendments to ameliorate soil nutrient and acid soils for small-scale farmers who cannot afford to regularly purchase lime and mineral fertilizers as compared to phytoremediation techniques. But phytoremediation wide scope of area use of plants to partially or substantially remediate selected contaminants in contaminated soil, sludge, sediment, groundwater, surface water, and wastewater.
Contaminated Soil, Heavy Metal, Remediation, Biochar, Phytoremediation
To cite this article
Alemnesh Sisay, Contamination of Heavy Metals, Source, Effects on Leaving Things and Different Remediation Techniques in Soil: A Review, American Journal of Nanosciences. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 67-75. doi: 10.11648/j.ajn.20190504.17
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Melo, L. C., Puga, A. P., Coscione, A. R., Beesley, L., Abreu, C. A., & Camargo, O. A. (2016). Sorption and desorption of cadmium and zinc in two tropical soils amended with sugarcane-straw-derived biochar. Journal of soils and sediments, 16 (1), 226-234.
Morais, S., e Costa, F. G., & de Lourdes Pereira, M. (2012). Heavy metals and human health. In Environmental Health-Emerging Issues and Practice. InTech.
Duran, A., Tuzen, M., & Soylak, M. (2008). Trace element levels in some dried fruit samples from Turkey. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 59 (7-8), 581-589.
Clemente, R., Pardo, T., Madejón, P., Madejón, E., & Bernal, M. P. (2015). Food byproducts as amendments in trace elements contaminated soils. Food Research International, 73, 176-189.
Wang J, Xia K, Waigi MG, Gao YZ, Odinga ES, Ling WT, Liu J. 2018. Application of biochar to soils may result in plant contamination and human cancer risk due to exposure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environment International 121 (1): 169-177.
Garbisu C, Alkorta I. 2001. Phytoextraction: a cost-effective plant-based technology for the removal of metals from the environment. Bioresource Technology 77 (3): 229-236.
Liu YX, Lonappan L, Brar SK, Yang SM. 2018. Impact of biochar amendment in agricul-tural soils on the sorption, desorption, and degradation of pesticides: a review. 2018. Science of the Total Environment 645: 60-70.
Xu, R. K., & Zhao, A. Z. (2013). Effect of biochars on adsorption of Cu (II), Pb (II) and Cd (II) by three variable charge soils from southern China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20 (12), 8491-8501.
Ansari, T. M., Marr, I. L., & Tariq, N. (2004). Heavy metals in marine pollution perspective—a mini-review. Journal of Applied Sciences, 4 (1), 1-20.
Draghici, C., Jelescu, C., Dima, C., Coman, G., & Chirila, E. (2011). Heavy metals determination in environmental and biological samples. In Environmental Heavy Metal Pollution and Effects on Child Mental Development (pp. 145-158). Springer, Dordrecht.
Chen, C. W., Chen, C. F., & Dong, C. D. (2012). Distribution and accumulation of mercury in sediments of Kaohsiung River Mouth, Taiwan. APCBEE Procedia, 1, 153-158.
Wuana R. A., Okieimen F. E. (2011). Heavy metals in contaminated soils: A review of sources.
Flora, S. J. (2011). Arsenic-induced oxidative stress and its reversibility. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 51 (2), 257-281.
Styblo, M., Del Razo, L. M., Vega, L., Germolec, D. R., LeCluyse, E. L., Hamilton, G. A., & Thomas, D. J. (2000). Comparative toxicity of trivalent and pentavalent inorganic and methylated arsenicals in rat and human cells. Archives of toxicology, 74 (6), 289-299.
Sharma, B., Singh, S., & Siddiqi, N. J. (2014). Biomedical implications of heavy metals induced imbalances in redox systems. BioMed research international, 2014.
Shi, H., Shi, X., & Liu, K. J. (2004). Oxidative mechanism of arsenic toxicity and carcinogenesis. Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 255 (1-2), 67-78.
Hughes, M. F., Beck, B. D., Chen, Y., Lewis, A. S., & Thomas, D. J. (2011). Arsenic exposure and toxicology: a historical perspective. Toxicological Sciences, 123 (2), 305-332.
Singh, N., Kumar, D., & Sahu, A. P. (2007). Arsenic in the environment: effects on human health and possible prevention. Journal of Environmental Biology, 28 (2), 359.
Hopenhayn, C. (2006). Arsenic in drinking water: impact on human health. Elements, 2 (2), 103-107.
Karrari, P., Mehrpour, O., & Abdollahi, M. (2012). A systematic review on the status of lead pollution and toxicity in Iran; Guidance for preventive measures. DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20 (1), 2.
Malekirad, A. A., Oryan, S., Fani, A., Babar, V., Hashemi, M., Baeeri, M., ... & Abdollahi, M. (2010). Study on clinical and biochemical toxicity biomarkers in zinc-lead mine workers. Toxicology and industrial health, 26 (6), 331-337.
Jalali, M., & Khanlari, Z. V. (2008). Environmental contamination of Zn, Cd, Ni, Cu, and Pb from industrial areas in Hamadan Province, western Iran. Environmental Geology, 55 (7), 1537-1543.
Parizanganeh, A., Hajisoltani, P., & Zamani, A. (2010). Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surficial soils surrounding Zinc Industrial Complex in Zanjan-Iran. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2, 162-166.
Gulson, B. L., Mizon, K. J., Korsch, M. J., Palmer, J. M., & Donnelly, J. B. (2003). Mobilization of lead from human bone tissue during pregnancy and lactation—a summary of long-term research. Science of the Total Environment, 303 (1-2), 79-104.
Yongsheng, Q. (2008). Study on the influences of combined pollution of heavy metals Cu and Pb on soil respiration. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 36 (3), 1117.
Jones, L. H. P., & Jarvis, S. C. (1981). The fate of heavy metals. The chemistry of soil processes, 599.
Boyd, R. S. (2010). Heavy metal pollutants and chemical ecology: exploring new frontiers. Journal of chemical ecology, 36 (1), 46-58.
Satarug, S., Baker, J. R., Urbenjapol, S., Haswell-Elkins, M., Reilly, P. E., Williams, D. J., & Moore, M. R. (2003). A global perspective on cadmium pollution and toxicity in the non-occupationally exposed population. Toxicology Letters, 137 (1-2), 65-83.
McLaughlin, M. J., Hamon, R. E., McLaren, R. G., Speir, T. W., & Rogers, S. L. (2000). A bioavailability-based rationale for controlling metal and metalloid contamination of agricultural land in Australia and New Zealand. Soil Research, 38 (6), 1037-1086.
Basta, N. T., Ryan, J. A., & Chaney, R. L. (2005). Trace element chemistry in residual-treated soil. Journal of environmental quality, 34 (1), 49-63.
Sumner, M. E. (2000). Beneficial use of effluents, wastes, and biosolids. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 31 (11-14), 1701-1715.
Chaney, R. L., & Oliver, D. P. (1996). Sources, potential adverse effects, and remediation of agricultural soil contaminants. In Contaminants and the soil environment in the Australasia-Pacific region (pp. 323-359). Springer, Dordrecht.
Canet, R., Pomares, F., Tarazona, F., & Estela, M. (1998). Sequential fractionation and plant availability of heavy metals as affected by sewage sludge applications to the soil. Communications in soil science and plant analysis, 29 (5-6), 697-716.
Mattigod, S. V., & Page, A. L. (1983). Assessment of metal pollution in soils. Applied environmental geochemistry, 355-394.
Bjuhr, J. (2007). Trace metals in soils irrigated with wastewater in a periurban area downstream Hanoi City, Vietnam.
Smith, L. A. (1995). Remedial options for metals-contaminated sites. Lewis Publ.
Djingova, R., & Kuleff, I. (2000). Instrumental techniques for trace analysis. In Trace Metals in the Environment (Vol. 4, pp. 137-185). Elsevier.
Jadia, C. D., & Fulekar, M. H. (2009). Phytoremediation of heavy metals: recent techniques. African journal of biotechnology, 8 (6).
Taiz, L., & Zeiger, E. (2002). Plant physiology., 3rd edn. (Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA, USA).
Schaller, A., & Diez, T. (1991). Plant specific aspects of heavy metal uptake and comparison with quality standards for food and forage crops. Der Einfluß von festen Abfällen auf Böden, Pflanzen, 92-125.
Bhagure, G. R., & Mirgane, S. R. (2011). Heavy metal concentrations in groundwaters and soils of the Thane Region of Maharashtra, India. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 173 (1-4), 643-652.
Arora, M., Kiran, B., Rani, S., Rani, A., Kaur, B., & Mittal, N. (2008). Heavy metal accumulation in vegetables irrigated with water from different sources. Food Chemistry, 111 (4), 811-815.
Al-Othman, Z. A., & Naushad, M. (2011). Organic-inorganic type composite cation exchanger poly-o-toluidine Zr (IV) tungstate: preparation, physicochemical characterization and its analytical application in separation of heavy metals. Chemical engineering journal, 172 (1), 369-375.
Shakeri, A., Moore, F., & Modabberi, S. (2009). Heavy metal contamination and distribution in the Shiraz industrial complex zone soil, South Shiraz, Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal, 6 (3), 413-425.
Q. X. Zhou and Y. F. Song “Remediation of Contaminated Soils: Principles and Methods,” Science Press, 7, 345-346, 2004
Namgay, T., Singh, B., & Singh, B. P. (2010). Influence of biochar application to soil on the availability of As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn to maize (Zea mays L.). Soil Research, 48 (7), 638-647.
Maia, C. M. B., Madari, B. E., & Novotny, E. H. (2011). Advances in biochar research in Brazil. Embrapa Solos-Artigoemperiódicoindexado (ALICE).
Lehmann, J. (2007). Bio‐energy in the black. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5 (7), 381-387.
Major, J., Rondon, M., Molina, D., Riha, S. J., & Lehmann, J. (2010). Maize yield and nutrition during 4 years after biochar application to a Colombian savanna oxisol. Plant and soil, 333 (1-2), 117-128.
Zhang, A., Bian, R., Pan, G., Cui, L., Hussain, Q., Li, L., & Yu, X. (2012). Effects of biochar amendment on soil quality, crop yield and greenhouse gas emission in a Chinese rice paddy: a field study of 2 consecutive rice growing cycles. Field Crops Research, 127, 153-160.
Novak, J. M., Busscher, W. J., Laird, D. L., Ahmedna, M., Watts, D. W., & Niandou, M. A. (2009). Impact of biochar amendment on fertility of a southeastern coastal plain soil. Soil science, 174 (2), 105-112.
McLaughlin, H., Anderson, P. S., Shields, F. E., & Reed, T. B. (2009, August). All biochars are not created equal, and how to tell them apart. In Proceedings, North American Biochar Conference, Boulder, Colorado (pp. 1-36).
Uchimiya, M., Chang, S., & Klasson, K. T. (2011). Screening biochars for heavy metal retention in soil: the role of oxygen functional groups. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 190 (1-3), 432-441.
Rees, F., Simonnot, M. O., & Morel, J. L. (2014). Short‐term effects of biochar on soil heavy metal mobility are controlled by intra‐particle diffusion and soil pH increase. European Journal of Soil Science, 65 (1), 149-161.
Hassan, M. M.; Carr, C. M. A critical review on recent advancements of the removal of reactive dyes from dyehouse effluent by ion-exchange adsorbents. Chemosphere 2018, 209, 201–219.
Pan, J.; Jiang, J.; Xu, R. Adsorption of Cr (III) from acidic solutions by crop straw derived biochars. J. Environ. Sci. 2013, 25, 1957–1965.
Xu, X.; Cao, X.; Zhao, L.; Wang, H.; Yu, H.; Gao, B. Removal of Cu, Zn, and Cd from aqueous solutions by the dairy manure-derived biochar. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2013, 20, 358–368.
Qian, L.; Chen, B.; Hu, D. Effective Alleviation of Aluminum Phytotoxicity by Manure-Derived Biochar. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2013, 47, 2737–2745.
Jia, M.; Wang, F.; Bian, Y.; Jin, X.; Song, Y.; Kengara, F. O.; Xu, R.; Jiang, X. Effects of pH and metal ions on oxytetracycline sorption to maize-straw-derived biochar. Bioresour. Technol. 2013, 136, 87–93.
Xin QG, Pan WB, Zhang TP. (2003). On phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. Ecologic Science, 22 (3): 275-279.
Bañuelos, G. S., M. C. Shannon, H. Ajwa, J. H. Draper, J. Jordahl, and L. Licht. 1999. Phytoextraction and accumulation of boron and selenium by poplar (Populus) hybrid clones. Int. J. Phytoremediation. 1 (1): 81-96.
U. S. EPA. 1997. Status of in situ phytoremediation technology. pp. 31-42. Recent developments for in situ treatment of metal contaminated soils. March. EPA-542-R-97-004.
Adler, T. 1996. Botanical cleanup crews. Sci. News. 150: 42-43.
Bañuelos, G. S., H. A. Ajwa, B. Mackey, L. L. Wu, C. Cook, S. Akohoue, and S. Zambrzuski. 1997. Evaluation of different plant species used for phytoremediation of high soil selenium. J. Environ. Qual. 26 (3): 639-646.
Newman, L. A., S. L. Doty, K. L. Gery, P. E. Heilman, I. Muiznieks, T. Q. Shang, S. T. Siemieniec, S. E. Strand, X. Wang, A. M. Wilson, and M. P. Gordon. 1998. Phytoremediation of organic contaminants: A review of phytoremediation research at the University of Washington. J. Soil Contam. 7 (4): 531-542.
Wilken, A., C. Bock, M. Bokern, and H. Harms. 1995. Metabolism of different PCB congeners in plant cell cultures. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 14 (12): 2017-2022.
Dushenkov, V., P. B. A. Nanda Kumar, H. Motto, and I. Raskin. 1995. Rhizofiltration: The use of plants to remove heavy metals from aqueous streams. Environ. Sci. Technol.
Dushenkov, S., D. Vasudev, Y. Kapulnik, D. Gleba, D. Fleisher, K. C. Ting, and B. Ensley. 1997. Removal of uranium from water using terrestrial plants. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31 (12): 3468-3474.
Ngah, W. W.; Hanafiah, M.; Hanafiah, M. A. K. M. Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by chemically modified plant wastes as adsorbents: A review. Bioresour. Technol. 2008, 99, 3935–3948.
Sarı, A.; Tuzen, M. Kinetic and equilibrium studies of biosorption of Pb (II) and Cd (II) from aqueous solution by macrofungus (Amanita rubescens) biomass. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009, 164, 1004–1011.
Qiu, Y.; Xiao, X.; Cheng, H.; Zhou, Z.; Sheng, G. D. Influence of Environmental Factors on Pesticide Adsorption by Black Carbon: pH and Model Dissolved Organic Matter. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 3, 4973–4978.
Browse journals by subject